THE EXCEPTION! Were thrilled to see Franken enter the Senate. We remember 1996: // link // print // previous // next //
MONDAY, JULY 13, 2009
Behind the curve on boiled frogs: Well have to admit itwe think Paul Krugman is working behind the curve this morning. He asks a very important question, to which the answer is obvious.
Heres the question Krugman asks, right at the start of his column:
The answer to that question is obvious: Yesof course! Yes, were cooked on climate change. Yes, were cooked on the economy.
Were already cooked for an obvious reason. Powerful elites have controlled our discourse for a very long time now. Its too late to expect any serious changes before disaster hits in the two areas Krugman discusses.
At the top of the journalistic heap, Krugman has explained this process very well. But heres the answer to todays question:
Sorry, but yesof course!
What boiled frogs look like: Yesterday, on tape from San Francisco, John King spoke with three boiled frogs (just click here). Guest host Wolf Blitzer set the scene for Kings unusual encounter:
John King had found time to enjoy some coffee and a meal. As he enjoyed himself, he chatted with three San Franciscans. At one point, a young unidentified woman spoke about health care. In this exchange, she took the discussion farther than it usually goes in our culture:
This young woman knew, and said, something important: Every other western nation already has universal coverage. But darn it! King then asked an obvious, if absurd, questionand his companions didnt seem to understand how absurd his question was:
Thats what boiled frogs sound like.
This young woman understood that every other developed nation already has universal coverage. She didnt introduce a second key fact: These countries provide this universal coverage while spending half as much as we do on health care, per capita. She didnt mention this absurd situation; neither did the other participants. And of course, King is going to cite this fact about the same time the frog jumps the moon.
By some form of odd Group Agreement, major journalistsand major career liberalshave kept that remarkable fact under wraps for many years now. Its almost never discussed. For that reason, very few people understand the sheer absurdity of our health care situation. They dont understand that we already spend twice as much as those other countries. They dont understand the obvious corollaryunder our system, vast amounts of health care spending are simply shoveled into the pockets of big corporate interests.
Result? When asked if we can afford universal coverage, they puzzle about where the money could come from! Thats exactly what boiled frogs look and sound like.
Bottom line: Frogs like us will never get change, when we so thoroughly lack the first clue. A managed discussion has keep us clueless. We frogs dont know how to fight.
PART 1THE EXCEPTION: Here at THE HOWLER, were thrilled to see Minnesotas Al Franken ascend to his seat in the senate. Were thrilled because hes the exception which proves an unfortunate rule:
Al Franken is actually smart. Lets put it another way: Over the past decade or so, Frankena liberal intellectual leaderhas produced work which is sharply intelligent. In the past few decades, very few liberal intellectual leaders have done anything dimly like that.
And yes, this is a gigantic problem. It explains why liberals lose.
For the rest of the week, we plan to review the woeful work of some liberal intellectual leaders. Before we do, lets recall the wonderful time, in 1996, when Al Franken showed he was smart.
Lets revisit that wonderful passage from his best-selling book, Rush Limbaugh is a Big Fat Idiot (and Other Observations).
Ah yes, that wonderful passage! In it, Franken actually explained the bone-simple logic of the ongoing Medicare pseudo-debate. This debate had the mainstream press corps thoroughly bollixedand in the end, it was widely used to slander Bill Clinton.
In Big Fat Idiot, Franken actually explained the problem with the ongoing debate. In the process, he offered the best anecdote about a major press figure weve seen, right up to this day.
That Medicare debate no longer exists. But the dumbness of the mainstream pressand of our liberal intellectual leadersstill drives and shapes our central debates. Simply put, Franken was smarter than they were back then. Were thrilled that hes now in the senate.
The issue at hand: By the summer of 1995, the Medicare debate was so familiar that a third-grader could have recited it. Newt Gingrich was riding high, as new Republican speaker. And his party had proposed a level of future Medicare spending that almost surely would have required cuts in future services.
The GOP had thus made the kind of proposal which both parties had always described as a cut (links below). But so what? Newt kept going on TV programs like the NewsHour and saying sh*t like this:
Our very brightest mainstream journalists kept accepting this Standard Presentation, although it was grossly misleading. (Below, well show you what Jim Lehrer said this evening in reply to Gingrichs statement.)
How thoroughly was the mainstream press corps accepting Gingrichs presentation? One month later, Nightline devoted a special show to what Ted Koppel instantly called the Medi-scare debate. As he opened, Koppel offered this dumb-as-rocks endorsement of Gingrichs Standard Presentation, which was by now iconic:
The GOP was proposing Medicare cuts? Its a phony charge, Koppel quickly announceda bum rap. Before long, he staged this exchange with pseudo-con pitchman Jim Glassman:
An apologist could call that technically accurate. But it was also grossly misleading. But uh-oh! Like almost all his mainstream press colleagues, Koppel showed no sign of knowing this.
In his book, Franken explained.
The explanation: Frankens book arrived in January 1996, a few weeks after Koppels program. At one point, Franken offered a highly informative, wonderfully comical anecdote about the ongoing Medicare debate. In this anecdote, Franken described a social gathering at Ross Perots high-profile Dallas convention in August 1995, where Gingrich had made his Standard Presentation about the GOP Medicare plan.
In his Dallas presentation, Gingrich had used a standard pair of numbersthe same numbers he used on the NewsHour three months later (see above). Medicare was currently spending $4800 per recipient, he had correctly said. And under the GOP proposal, Medicare would spend $6700 per recipient in the year 2002; that number was accurate too. One more thing: As was typical in that era, Gingrich had thundered as he went. Heres how Franken quoted him on page 224 of his book:
We cant find a published transcript of Gingrichs speech in Dallas. But he constantly thundered like that in those days. This mocking attack on the press, and on liberals, would have been fairly typical.
Gingrich had thundered and roaredand hed compared two numbers. Unfortunately, he was omitting a crucial third number, as he constantly didwith no challenge or clarification from fellows like Koppel and Lehrer. It was all true: In 1995, Medicare was spending $4800 per recipient. Under the GOP proposal, that number would rise to $6700 in the year 2002. But uh-oh! According to the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office, it was going to cost $8000 per recipient to maintain the current Medicare program in 2002. The GOP plan proposed spending much less than it would cost to maintain the existing program.
Franken explained this in his book. (Almost no one else ever did, even as super-hacks like Glassman told the public they were going to get considerably more under the GOP proposal.) This produced that comical anecdotean anecdote which came in large part at the expense of the NewsHours quite pleasant Margaret Warner.
Franken described a small social gathering after Gingrichs speech in Dallas. He sat and chatted in a bar with Warner and Bob Novakand with Rep. John Kasich, a major budget honcho in the Republican House. In the anecdote, Franken challenges Kasich about the two numbers Gingrich had used in his thundering presentation. As he does, Warner jumps in, assuring him that Kasich and Gingrich are surely being honest in their Standard Presentation:
On a technical basis, were not sure if constant dollars is a technically perfect was to phrase that. (It may be.) But Franken understood the logic of this debate. Amazingly but typically, Warner didnt. Beyond that, she had simply assumed the basic honesty of Gingrich and Kasich. (They wouldnt be that dishonest.) Completing the hat trick, she then begged Franken not to reveal the clueless things she had said.
We first posted this anecdote in 1999 (links below). Before we did, we called Franken, who we didnt know, and asked him if hed taken any artistic license in his presentation. Was that really what Warner had said?
Yes, its what she said, he told us. (As we recall, he said she had asked for some very minor change in the text of the paperback edition.)
Having followed the press corps work, we believed him. Still do.
Consequences: In a post of normal length, we cant begin to explain the harm that was done by the way the press corps accepted that Standard Presentation by Gingrich. In the endless Medicare debate, Gingrich was baldly misleading the public; Bill Clintons standard presentation was, in fact, much more accurate. (Both parties are proposing cuts, Clinton said. The GOPs cuts are too large.) As became clear on talk TV and talk radio, many people were being misled into thinking that they would get massively increased Medicare services under the Gingrich proposal. But Warners cluelessness was typical. The press corps routinely accepted Gingrichs presentationthen began casting Clinton as a liar because he was saying something different (for a groaning example involving Lehrer, see below). This debate thus played a tragic role in a developing a basic press corps notion: Bill Clinton is a big fat liar. Three years later, thanks to people like Koppel, this diagnosis was extended to Gore, sending Bush to the White House. (For a groaning example involving Koppel, see below.)
Omigod! Franken understood the problem with Gingrichs Standard Presentation. But then, you see, hes actually smart! For that reason, were thrilled to see the Minnesotan somberly taking the seat in the senate. Unlike the bulk of liberal intellectual leaders, Al Franken is actually smart.
But alas, poor Franken! Hes the exception! Throughout the week, well groan and curse our fate as others keep proving the rule.
TOMORROW: Frankly, thats Lithwick.
Visit our incomparable archives: Weve explained this matter in more detail, in three reportsshort, medium and long. See THE DAILY HOWLER, 8/20/99.
What Lehrer said in 1995: Gruesome. According to Big Fat Idiot, the problem with Gingrichs Standard Presentation was explained to Warner in August 1995. But the information imparted to Warner didnt trickle up. Heres what Leher said to Gingrich on the NewsHour, some three months later. At the time, Warner was the NewsHours top Washington correspondent:
At the time, it was very unusual for a figure like Lehrer to use the word lies in such a context. He now used the unusual wordin relation to Clinton. In large part, this is where the fateful road to the Bush era begins.
Reviewing: Gingrich was making the type of proposal that had always been described as a cut. As weve shown elsewhere, his two-number presentation had misled many people into believing they would get vast increases in Medicare services under the GOP plan. Lehrer should have understood these things on his own, of course. In case he didnt, the problem with Gingrichs presentation had been explained to Warner three months before.
Lehrer should have introduced that third key numberthat $8000 CBO projection. He should have asked Gingrich about it.
But, like everyone else, he didnt. Instead, he used an unusual term: Lies. People continued to be misled about that GOP Medicare planand a framework was increasingly dropped around Clinton. A few years later, that basic framework would be extended to Gore.
What Koppel said in 2000: In December 1995, Koppel was thoroughly clueless (see above). Things didnt get better as the years crawled by.
By October 2000, Koppel would appear on Larry King Live, the evening after Bush and Gores first debate. World history was hanging in the balance. Gaze on the shape of your culture as we recall what occurred.
King played tape of Bush attacking Gore as a big fat liar. (In the tape, Bush introduced his fuzzy math claim. He paired it with a claim which was already famous: Al Gore said he invented the Internet!) King then asked Koppel a bone-simple question about that campaigns basic budget debate. Below, you see Koppels reply:
Stunning thenstunning today.
In fact, Gores fuzzy math had been perfectly accurate at the previous evenings debate. But the hapless Koppel didnt know thator he was prepared to pretend. It turns my brains to mush, the multimillionaire pseudo-journalist sadly said. His head was still stuck way up his keister, just exactly as it had been in December 1995.
Why can such people walk the streets without being hooted at, jeered? Well give you part of the answer this whole gruesome week.